No matter whether you are a First Time Buyer looking to make that initial jump onto the property ladder, or are going through the process of Moving House in Hull, you will soon come to realise that there are many different types of mortgages available for customers.
Some options tend to be more popular than others and some are a little harder to come across. We have compiled a list of mortgage types we find that we encounter the most and that you will likely come across. You will also see each section accompanied by one of our MoneymanTV episodes, we hope you find them useful!
You can find more Helpful Mortgage Guides on moneymanTV here or go directly to our “Mortgages Explained” playlist here.
A fixed-rate mortgage means that your mortgage payments are going to remain consistent for a specific period of time. You are in control of how long you choose to fix your payments for, with common lengths generally being 2, 3 or 5 years or longer. Regardless of any changes to inflation, interest rates or the economy you can rest easy knowing that your mortgage payment, often your single biggest outgoing, will remain the same.
A tracker mortgage means that the interest-rate of your mortgage will follow, or track if you will, the Bank of England’s base rate. In simpler terms, this means that the lender that you are with are not the ones that will be choosing your interest-rate and neither will you. Instead, you will be paying a percentage above the Bank of England base rate. In an example, if the base rate is 1% and you are tracking at 1% above base rate, that means you will be paying a rate of 2%.
When you take out a repayment mortgage you will be paying back capital and interest combined each month. Providing that you keep your payments going for the full length of the mortgage term, you will be guaranteed to have your mortgage balance paid off at the end of the term and the property will become yours to own.
In regards to mortgage payments, this is the most risk-free way to pay your capital back to the lender. Early on into your mortgage term, it is mainly the interest that you are paying and your balance will start to go down really slowly, especially if you have taken out a longer term of around 25, 30 or more. Things take a turn when it comes to the last ten years or so of your mortgage, where your payments are paying off more capital than interest and the balance will come down much faster.
Whilst a lot of modern buy-to-let mortgages are set up on an interest-only basis, you’ll find it a harder task trying to get a residential property on an interest-only basis. It is much less likely for a mortgage lender to offer an interest-only product to customers these days, though in some cases it is possible.
Situations where this might be relevant include downsizing when you are older or have other investments that can be used to pay the capital back. Lenders have strict rules when it comes to offering these products now and the loan to values are a lot lower than back in the day.
With an offset mortgage, the lender will set you up a savings account to go alongside your mortgage account. How this works is that let’s say you have a mortgage balance of £100,000 and £20,000 is deposited into your savings account, you only pay interest on the difference, so in this case, £80,000. This can be a very efficient way of managing your money, especially if you are a higher rate taxpayer.